Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION STOCK-BASED COMPENSATIONOn June 11, 2019, the Company's stockholders approved an amendment to the CV Sciences, Inc. Amended and Restated 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan") to increase the number of shares that may be issued under the 2013 Plan by an additional 3,000,000 shares. The Company’s stockholders also approved to add an automatic “evergreen” provision regarding the number of shares to be annually added to the 2013 Plan. As a result, the number of shares of common stock that will be
automatically added to the 2013 Plan on January 1 of each year during the term of the plan, starting with January 1, 2020, will be the lesser of: (a) 4% of the total shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31st of the prior year, (b) 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, or (c) a lesser number of shares of the Company’s common stock as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. On January 1, 2020, the Company added 3,976,000 shares to the 2013 plan. There are currently 34,976,000 shares authorized for issuance under the 2013 Plan. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had 4,872,000 of authorized unissued shares reserved and available for issuance upon exercise and conversion of outstanding awards under the 2013 Plan.
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $1.2 million and $2.5 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively, and $2.1 million on and $12.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company's former President and Chief Executive Officer ("Mona Jr.") and the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company agreed that Mona Jr.’s resignation from the Company on January 22, 2019 was for Good Reason (as defined in Mona Jr.’s Employment Agreement) and agreed to extend the deadline for Mona Jr.’s exercise of his stock options for a period of five years. In exchange, Mona Jr. agreed that notwithstanding the terms of his Employment Agreement providing for acceleration of vesting of all stock options and restricted stock units (RSU's) upon a Good Reason resignation, certain of his unvested stock options would not immediately vest, but rather continue to vest if, and only if, certain Company milestones are achieved related to the Company’s drug development efforts. These stock options were issued in July 2016 (6,000,000 options) and March 2017 (5,000,000 options). The Company and Mona Jr. also agreed to mutually release all claims arising out of and related to Mona Jr.’s resignation and separation from the Company. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense related to the accelerated vesting of the RSU's of $5.1 million and the modification of certain stock options of $2.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2019.
In June 2020, the Company’s board of directors approved a stock option modification that reduced certain employees’ and directors’ stock option exercise prices to $0.66. No other terms were modified. Stock options to purchase a total of 2,130,000 shares of common stock were modified. The modification to the existing stock options resulted in $0.2 million incremental increase in the value of the stock options. The incremental value associated with the modification will be recognized over the life of the remaining service period of the options. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded $0.1 million in stock-based compensation associated with the repriced options.
As of June 30, 2020, total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation arrangements was $4.3 million which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years.
The following summarizes activity related to the Company's stock options (in thousands, except per share data):
Number of Shares Weighted Average
Exercise Price
Weighted Average
Remaining Contract
Term (in years)
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding - December 31, 2019 28,105 $ 0.80    5.4 $ 12,335   
Granted 6,105 0.41    —    —   
Exercised (469) 0.97    —    —   
Forfeited (7,080) 1.15    —    —   
Outstanding - June 30, 2020 26,661 0.44    5.5 5,370   
Exercisable - June 30, 2020 21,082 0.38    4.5 4,465   
Vested or expected to vest - June 30, 2020 26,661 $ 0.44    5.5 $ 5,370   
The Company has established performance milestones in connection with the drug development efforts for its lead drug candidate CVSI-007. The above table includes 5,000,000 vested performance-based options as of June 30, 2020, which were issued outside of the 2013 Plan. As of June 30, 2020, there were 8,000,000 remaining unvested stock options granted outside of the 2013 Plan which vest upon the completion of future performance conditions, including those related to the Settlement Agreement with Mona Jr. (refer to Note 10).
The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was $0.3 million. Upon option exercise, the Company issues new shares of stock. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $4.1 million.
The following table presents the weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted and the weighted-average assumptions used to estimate the fair value on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model:
Three months ended June 30, Six months ended June 30,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Volatility 123.1% 110.9% 132.9% 113.8%
Risk-Free Interest Rate 0.4% 1.8% 0.5% 2.5%
Expected Term (in years) 5.42 5.80 5.32 5.70
Dividend Rate —% —% —% —%
Fair Value Per Share on Grant Date $0.61 $3.31 $0.36 $4.00
The risk-free interest rates are based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury constant maturities with remaining terms equivalent to the respective expected terms of the options. Expected volatility for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 is based on the historical volatility of the Company's common stock. Expected volatility for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 is calculated based on the Company’s peer group, consisting of five companies in the industry in which the Company operates because the Company did not have sufficient historical volatility data. The Company estimates the expected term for stock options awarded to employees, non-employees, officers and directors using the simplified method in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation, because the Company does not have sufficient relevant historical information to develop reasonable expectations about future exercise patterns. In the future, as the Company gains historical data for the actual term over which stock options are held, the expected term may change, which could substantially change the grant-date fair value of future stock option awards, and, consequently, compensation of future grants.