|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Abstract]|
On June 11, 2019, the Company's stockholders approved an amendment to the CV Sciences, Inc. Amended and Restated 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2013 Plan") to increase the number of shares that may be issued under the 2013 Plan by an additional 3,000,000 shares. The Company’s stockholders also approved to add an automatic “evergreen” provision regarding the number of shares to be annually added to the 2013 Plan. As a result, the number of shares of common stock that will be automatically added to the 2013 Plan on January 1 of each year during the term of the plan, starting with January 1, 2020, will be the lesser of: (a) 4% of the total shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31st of the prior year, (b) 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, or (c) a lesser number of shares of the Company’s common stock as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. There are currently 31,000,000 shares authorized for issuance under the 2013 Plan. As of September 30, 2019, the Company had 7,043,000 of authorized unissued shares reserved and available for issuance upon exercise and conversion of outstanding awards under the 2013 Plan.
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $0.7 million and $12.8 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $0.2 million and $1.6 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company's former President and Chief Executive Officer ("Mona Jr.") and the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”), pursuant to which the Company agreed that Mona Jr.’s resignation from the Company on January 22, 2019 was for Good Reason (as defined in Mona Jr.’s Employment Agreement) and agreed to extend the deadline for Mona Jr.’s exercise of his stock options for a period of five years. In exchange, Mona Jr. agreed that notwithstanding the terms of his Employment Agreement providing for acceleration of vesting of all stock options and restricted stock units (RSU's) upon a Good Reason resignation, certain of his unvested stock options would not immediately vest, but rather continue to vest if, and only if, certain Company milestones are achieved related to the Company’s drug development efforts. These stock options were issued in July 2016 (6,000,000 options) and March 2017 (5,000,000 options). The Company and Mona Jr. also agreed to mutually release all claims arising out of and related to Mona Jr.’s resignation and separation from the Company. As a result of the Settlement Agreement, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense related to the accelerated vesting of the RSU's of $5.1 million and the modification of certain stock options of $2.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
As of September 30, 2019, total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation arrangements was $5.3 million which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.2 years.
The following summarizes activity related to the Company's stock options and includes 7,250,000 performance-based options issued prior to December 31, 2018 outside of the 2013 Plan (in thousands, except per share data):
The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $4.3 million. Upon option exercise, the Company issues new shares of stock. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $1.0 million.
The Company has established performance milestones in connection with the drug development efforts for its lead drug candidate CVSI-007. As of September 30, 2019, there were 10,750,000 remaining unvested stock options granted outside of the 2013 Plan which vest upon the completion of future performance conditions, including those related to the Settlement Agreement with Mona Jr.
The following table presents the weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted and the weighted-average assumptions used to estimate the fair value on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model:
The risk-free interest rates are based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury constant maturities with remaining terms equivalent to the respective expected terms of the options. The Company estimates the expected term for stock options awarded to employees, non-employees, officers and directors using the simplified method in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation, because the Company does not have sufficient relevant historical information to develop reasonable expectations about future exercise patterns. Expected volatility is calculated based on the Company’s peer group, consisting of five companies in the industry in which the Company operates because the Company does not have sufficient historical volatility data. The Company will continue to use peer group volatility information until historical volatility of the Company is available to measure expected volatility for future grants. In the future, as the Company gains historical data for volatility of its own stock and the actual term over which stock options are held, expected volatility and the expected term may change, which could substantially change the grant-date fair value of future stock option awards, and, consequently, compensation of future grants.
The following summarizes RSU activity that contain only service requirements to vest for the Amended 2013 Plan (in thousands, except per share data):
The total fair value of RSU's vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $6.3 million. The associated stock-based compensation expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef